Discrimination

Discrimination is defined as unfair treatment because of an individual’s membership in a particular group.

Transgender Discrimination

From the 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey by the National Center for Transgender Equality:

  • Triple the rate of unemployment: Survey respondents experience unemployment at three times the rate of the population as a whole.
  • Significant losses of jobs and careers: sixteen percent (16%) reported losing a job because of their gender identity in their lifetime and of respondents who had a job in the previous year, 30% reported being fired, denied a promotion, or experiencing some other form of mistreatment related to their gender identity or expression.
  • High rates of poverty: Twenty-nine percent (29%) of transgender people in our sample were living below the poverty line.
  • Significant housing instability: Thirty percent (30%) of our sample have been or are homeless, 23% have faced eviction or were denied housing, and 26% were forced to seek temporary space.
  • Inequitable access to accurate identity documents: only eleven percent (11%) of respondents who wanted to update their ID documents reported that all of their IDs had their correct name and gender and 68% reported that none of their IDs had their correct name or gender.

Discrimination in Massachusetts

The Massachusetts findings from the 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey by the National Center for Transgender Equality showed:

  • 21% of respondents were evicted from housing or were denied housing because of their gender identity or expression.
  • 24% of respondents have experienced homelessness in their lifetime.
  • 22% of respondents who held or applied for a job in the previous year reported being fired, denied a promotion, or not being hired because of their gender identity or expression.
  • Only 11% of respondents reported that all of their IDs had their correct name and gender, while 61% reported that none of their IDs had their correct name or gender.
  • 28% of respondents experienced a problem with health insurance coverage related to their gender identity, including denied for transition-related care or denial of routine care because of their gender identity.
  • 52% of respondents who have interacted with police reported harassment by officers including verbal harassment, physical and/or sexual assault, and repeated misgendering.
  • 61% of transgender adults reported being uncomfortable seeking police assistance when needed.

For more information about hate violence statistics visit The National Coalition for Anti-Violence Programs and read their 2017 LGBTQ and HIV-affected Hate and Intimate Partner Violence Report.

If you believe that you have been the victim of discrimination in employment, housing, a homeless shelter, a hospital, a school, at a bank, by a government or state agency, the police, a retail establishment, a restaurant, a hotel, while voting, or you have been the victim of a hate crime because of your gender identity or gender expression, there are resources to assist you. See MTPC’s Discrimination Resources page for more information on how to file discrimination complaints.